Friday, 03 December 2021 16:31


Adil Serroukh Adil Serroukh

Marrakech - From 25-27 January, political and religious leaders of the entire Muslim world met in Marrakech, Morocco, to discuss the burning issue of "What role for religious minorities in Muslim countries". The conference, organised by the Moroccan ministry of endowment and Islamic Affairs, in partnership with the Centre for the promotion of peace in Muslim societies, based in Abu Dhabi, is unprecedented in the history of the Muslim World.

The gathering was organised under the patronage of King Mohammed VI of Morocco and the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, and was aimed to unite the Muslim authorities around the world, governments and non government organizations against the savagery portrayed by the so-called Islamic State and to show that Islam is not a violent religion and respects other religions and beliefs.

King Mohammed VI message to the participant was to call on Muslims all over the world to protect religious minorities as one of the pillars Islamic values and principles. He also insisted on their protection by law and reinforcing the existing Islamic legal framework less it is forgotten, recalling the history of the legitimacy of the presence of minorities.

Some 300 Islamic scholars, jurists, and government ministers from Muslim states gathered in Marrakech to discuss the issue of protecting religious minorities in the Islamic world, including Christians and Jews.
Morocco, land of tolerance, peace and co-existence, has served, for centuries, as an example of how to treat minorities as equal citizens.
The conference issued a declaration on the protection of religious minorities in the Muslim world and below is the Executive summary of the full text:

WHEREAS, conditions in various parts of the Muslim World have deteriorated dangerously due to the use of violence and armed struggle as a tool for settling conflicts and imposing one's point of view;
WHEREAS, this situation has also weakened the authority of legitimate governments and enabled criminal groups to issue edicts attributed to Islam, but which, in fact, alarmingly distort its fundamental principles and goals in ways that have seriously harmed the population as a whole;
WHEREAS, this year marks the 1,400th anniversary of the Charter of Medina, a constitutional contract between the Prophet Muhammad, God's peace and blessings be upon him, and the people of Medina, which guaranteed the religious liberty of all, regardless of faith;
WHEREAS, hundreds of Muslim scholars and intellectuals from over 120 countries, along with representatives of Islamic and international organizations, as well as leaders from diverse religious groups and nationalities, gathered in Marrakesh on this date to rea rm the principles of the Charter of Medina at a major conference;
WHEREAS, this conference was held under the auspices of His Majesty, King Mohammed VI of Morocco, and organized jointly by the Ministry of Endowment and Islamic A airs in the Kingdom of Morocco and the Forum for Promoting Peace in Muslim Societies based in the United Arab Emirates;

AND NOTING the gravity of this situation a icting Muslims as well as peoples of other faiths throughout the world, and after thorough deliberation and discussion, the convened Muslim scholars and intellectuals: DECLARE HEREBY our firm commitment to the principles articulated in the Charter of Medina,whose provisions contained a number of the principles of constitutional contractual citizenship, such
as freedom of movement, property ownership, mutual solidarity and defense, as well as principles of justice and equality before the law; and that,the objectives of the Charter of Medina provide a suitable framework for national constitutions in countries with Muslim majorities, and the United Nations Charter and related documents, such as
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, are in harmony with the Charter of Medina, including consideration for public order.

NOTING FURTHER that deep reflection upon the various crises a icting humanity underscores the inevitable and urgent need for cooperation among all religious groups, we AFFIRM HEREBY that such cooperation must be based on a "Common Word," requiring that such cooperation must go beyond mutual tolerance and respect, to providing full protection for the rights and liberties to all religious groups in a civilized manner that eschews coercion, bias, and arrogance.

Call upon Muslim scholars and intellectuals around the world to develop a jurisprudence of the concept of "citizenship" which is inclusive of diverse groups. Such jurisprudence shall be rooted in Islamic tradition and principles and mindful of global changes.

Urge Muslim educational institutions and authorities to conduct a courageous review of educational curricula that addesses honestly and effectively any material that instigates aggression and extremism, leads to war and chaos, and results in the destruction of our shared societies;

Call upon politicians and decision makers to take the political and legal steps necessary to establish a constitutional contractual relationship among its citizens, and to support all formulations and initiatives that aim to fortify relations and understanding among the various religious groups in the Muslim World;

Call upon the educated, artistic, and creative members of our societies, as well as organizations of civil society, to establish a broad movement for the just treatment of religious minorites in Muslim countries and to raise awareness as to their rights, and to work together to ensure the success of
these efforts.

Call upon the various religious groups bound by the same national fabric to address their mutual state of selective amnesia that blocks memories of centuries of joint and shared living on the same land; we call upon them to rebuild the past by reviving this tradition of conviviality, and restoring our
shared trust that has been eroded by extremists using acts of terror and aggression;

Call upon representatives of the various religions, sects and denominations to confront all forms of religious bigotry, vilification, and denegation of what people hold sacred, as well as all speech that
promote hatred and bigotry; AND FINALLY, AFFIRM that it is unconscionable to employ religion for the purpose of aggressing upon the rights of religious minorities in Muslim countries.

By Adil Serroukh


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